Place your keyboard slightly below elbow level. You should be able to easily reach your keyboard while using your backrest, with your shoulders relaxed and your forearms approximately parallel to the ground. Whether or not you need a keyboard tray depends on your seated elbow height; some people can work at their desk as is, others raise their chair and use a footrest and others use a keyboard tray.
If your armrests prevent you from pulling in close to your workstation you may need to lower them or remove them.
The rotating picture above illustrates the correct positioning with a keyboard tray or on a desk.
Ideal Keyboard Positioning:
- Keyboard just below elbow level
- Hover when typing (avoid planting your wrists)
- Place keyboard flat or on slight negative tilt (positive tilt promotes wrist extension)
- Whether you need a keyboard tray or not depends on your height relative to the height of your desk
Keyboard too high
The rotating picture above illustrates the differences with the keyboard too high as compared to one that is at the correct height
- Hiking shoulders increases strain in shoulders/neck
- Working with a tight angle at the elbow results in strain & contact stress in the forearm musculature
- To compensate for the discomfort of working with the keyboard above elbow level, some people push the keyboard forward on their desk. While initially relieving discomfort, in the long run this increases the strain on the shoulders/neck and is therefore not a suitable solution.
- Raise chair (& use footrest if needed), or
- Obtain keyboard tray (position slightly below elbow level), or
- Lower desk
How to Adjust:
Video Example of how to adjust keyboard tray